“Resources are becoming scarce again”

Raw material security is an important issue on the 14. Asia-Pacific- Conference of the German economy. Manuela Kasper-Claridge in conversation with the Chairman of the Federal Association of German Industry, Ulrich Grillo.

DW: Why is this issue so important raw materials for Southeast Asia?

Ulrich Grillo: Southeast Asia has many natural resources and raw materials are becoming increasingly scarce, even if the supply is currently well. Due to the increasing industrialization of the South East Asian countries more resources are needed. Germany as an industrial nation has no raw materials, so far as we are natural partners, to discuss about this topic.

DW: What raw materials are scarce because?

We had before 4, 5 Years an enormous hype surrounding the topic Rare earth. This has been – how much – laid back, but all non-renewable resources are scarce in the longer term. This can again sometime rare earths but also zinc or brass – ultimately all commodities, which can not be generated again.

DW: Is the attention to this issue in Asia ever since?

The attention is here. In Germany for four or five years, here in Southeast Asia it is perhaps not so great, but I want to especially point out, that we have a fair, need free trade and that we are all in the same boat. The raw material owning countries as well as the raw material manufacturing countries and that we can support each other. We have to get stuck in partnership , so this does not happen, how it looks to recordable in Indonesia: There are now supply cut-offs for 65 Raw materials, to keep them in the country. Delivery stops and duties shall be reduced. Germany has little metallic ores. Energy systems or electric mobilization – all these issues are of course possible only with the corresponding raw materials.

DW: Consume the Germans now considerably cheaper raw materials than five years ago?

As with anything, which is expensive or scarce, Of course we will put as much technology as possible off, to consume less. The theme “Urban Mining” is very important, d.h. recycling. Between 50 and 60 Percent of the used metals in Germany are now produced from scrap.

DW: There are now other countries such as Korea, organize the commodity trading state. What do you think?

The raw material procurement and ensuring raw material reference is still a matter for the industry and not the state. Therefore, we have established in Germany, the so-called commodity Alliance, which would become 12 Have teamed up company, To deal with this topic. On the other hand, we also need the policy, we need the state. Germany has recognized this topic, Mrs Merkel and Mr Gabriel have taken it up. Various commodity partnerships have been formed with countries: For example, with Peru, Kazakhstan and Mongolia, hinzukriegen a commodity exchange. But It is also about the exchange of technology and training to, progress is thus the economic structure in the respective countries.

DW: The Germans provide expertise and have for more safety?

We need the resources and we can help you on the spot, Establish production and of course in the training.

DW: If the Southeast Asia region is growing rapidly, more resources are consumed. Could then prices rise?

That's exactly the point. The consumption will rise and unless new reserves are found, Raw materials are again almost. The only question is when.

The interview was conducted by Manuela Kasper-Claridge

Ulrich Grillo is also head of commodity processor Grillo works.

Those: http://www.dw.de/rohstoffe-werden-wieder-knapp-werden/a-18077162

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