China: Rare Earths endangered nomads

China: Nomads from Inner Mongolia protest against land grabs and environmental degradation – Documented Memorandum: Rare Earths endangered Mongolian nomads in China.

China's Nomads in Inner Mongolia are acutely threatened by land grabs and the consequences of mining. "If the German economy rejoices because of the recently adopted from China released exports of rare earths, this is understandable. For the nomads in Inner Mongolia, but this means the end, because they massively from the consequences of mining suffer ", reported the STP Asia Ulrich Delius on Thursday in Göttingen, when presenting a 25-page memorandum to the consequences of mining for the nomads in Inner Mongolia. For nine days demonstrate more than 70 Nomads from Inner Mongolia in the Chinese capital against land grabs, Forced displacement and inadequate compensation.

"The Mongolian nomads suffer the disastrous ecological consequences of mining of rare earth and coal and must contend with threatening health problems", said Delius. "Many, who live near mines, with cancer or osteoporosis or have tooth loss. "admonished the human: "The Mongols must not become the victims of our industrial growth. Urgent Mongolians have better involved in the planning of the mining industry, Sewage disposal and better air pollution be contained. "

The Bayan Obo mine in Inner Mongolia is known worldwide as the most important mining site of rare earths. To obtain the large amounts of minerals acids are used and released highly radioactive thorium. One of the biggest environmental problems resulting in the degradation of sewage sludge. He is dammed in huge settling tanks, from which constantly seeping toxic substances into the soil and groundwater and watercourses flow like the Yellow River. Mongolian residents of surrounding villages are also acutely threatened by toxic dust, the results from the evaporation of liquid in the settling tank.

The People's Republic covers about 90 Percent of the world's supply of rare earths. They are in the high technology industry, for example to build smartphones, LED screens, Requires wind turbines and solar panels. The largest deposits of rare earth mines are located in Inner Mongolia. China in early January 2015 Export restrictions on Rare earth canceled, after the World Trade Organization (WTO) had spoken in making an award for the release of the export of minerals.

In Inner Mongolia round live 24 Million people. Through a policy of massive settlement by Han Chinese are the Mongols today 17 Percent of the population, only a minority. More than two million Mongolian nomads since 2001 forcibly settled.

Press release:
Society for Threatened Peoples
PO Box 2024
37010 Göttingen

Those: http://www.china-observer.de/index.php/2015/01/25/china-abbau-seltener-erden-gefahrdet-nomaden/

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