Seltene Erden - Inside January 2014

china-smoog

The overexploitation of the environment in China is a serious problem

22.01.2014 Dusseldorf, Institute for Rare earth und Metalle – The hot topics at the beginning 2014 in the field of rare earths and metals are expected, the announcement of the export quotas of China, China's Fight Against Smog, the first steps taken by China to the topic of recycling and the very critical shortage of germanium.

Export quotas for rare earths

End 2013 the Chinese government has the new export quotas for the 1. Half-year 2014 published. Compared to last year there is a decrease of 2,5 % all 17 Elements. The decline in the already scarce available heavy rare earths, however, coincides with 7,3 % be significantly larger. The projected increases in demand could therefore soon lead to a price increase. The key, however, will be, the extent to which China's access measures, get illegal mining and smuggling permanently in the grip to.

China's Initiative Against Smog

The extreme air pollution in China provides significant health problems. Now the country is planning massive investments. Alone by the year 2017 in addition to almost 100 Billion euros will be spent on clean energy sources and environmentally friendly vehicles. To achieve this, large quantities of strategic raw materials are needed. This could be an explanation for, China builds increasingly strategic reserves, to be in the long term the growing demand. Ob Indium, Gallium, Dysprosium und Neodym; Impact on the consumption figures of these metals will not fail.

What is the contribution Recycling?

The British Geo-scientists of Minerals and waste, Mr. Andrew Bloodworth expresses concern, that several key technologies required for raw materials are no longer sufficiently available in the future. Substances such as indium, Tellurium and germanium he looks particularly critical. Particular attention is therefore laying on the recycling. What contribution can the secondary raw materials, to avoid future bottlenecks? Here Bloodworth comes with his team at the conclusion, secondary raw materials that are essential for some metals already, will still not be enough, to meet future needs in full.

Current development germanium

After Beijing announced the purchase of large quantities of germanium year ago, This has already had an impact on the price. Many experts believe, that germanium during the year is still significantly more expensive. Could exacerbate the situation by increasing interest of Fanya Metal Exchange, after indium and gallium now also seems to throw an eye on germanium. And also the political tensions between Japan and China could make its contribution. So Japan had already increased the defense budget significantly. Metal-Pages reported these days, that as a result, both Japan and China significantly more orders for night vision devices (which are increasingly being installed by the way in Automobiles) plat-sheet would. And this need known germanium.

Swell: www.nature.com, www.fem.uk.com, www.tradium.com, www.ise ev.org, China daily, Alaister Neill,

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