Russia wants to encourage the mining of rare earths

From Ullrich Umann Moscow gtai

In Russia, the mining and processing of rare earth metals should be encouraged more than ever. This was pointed out to the Minister of Industry and Trade, Denis Manturow, In a newspaper interview towards. A state sector program has been running since 2013. Given the current shortage situation on the world market, the policy measures that program now has a stronger influence on.

To 2020 is with government support a competitive industry arise for the mining and processing of rare earths. For more financial resources will now be provided, than originally planned. Without this increase, entire industries are at risk, to be hindered in their development because of scarce resources. Specifically, the air- Aerospace, but also nuclear energy need rare earth metals more than ever.

Imports are to be substituted

The dependence on imports of rare earths should be reduced to a minimum, said the Russian Minister of Industry and Trade, Denis Manturow, at the 8. April 2014 in an interview with the business newspaper Kommersant. The area should even be expanded to the extent, that Russia - in addition to tungsten - even rare earth metals from 2020 can export. On funding instruments to finance research and development are in the area refining and processing, Interest subsidies and tax breaks available, as Manturow underlined.

The research funds are to arrive on the refining stage also allows them to user companies of rare earths. These include the production of hybrid engines, Computing technology, Mobile phones and plasma screens. Rare earth werden zudem zum Schmelzen superharter Stahlsorten benötigt und in der optischen Industrie, in the nano-- and semiconductor technology and the manufacture of magnets and accumulators.

Without fresh investment funds of Russia's share of the global production and processing of rare earth threatens currently about 2,0% to below 1,5% to decline. This trend must be stopped according Manturow and vice versa. Especially since the country has claimed the People's Republic of China on the world's second largest deposits of rare earths. The elevation of these mineral resources but the country is one of the laggards - Potential and utilization differ widely. Currently Russia imported each year between 10.000 and 15.000 t Seltene Erden.

Joint venture established to promote and processing

To change the, the Ministry 2013 given the green light to the establishment of a joint venture. The company consists of the state holding Rostec and private IST Group. The IS-Group invests in large industrial projects and considers, among other assets in the Russian gold- and coal mining. The newly created joint venture increased its currently processing capacity for monazite concentrate at the site Krasnoufimsk (Gebiet Swerdlowsk) on.

In the future, the joint venture will bid for tenders exploration concessions for rare earths in other regions and invest in the processing. The Stadt Tomtor (Republik Sacha - Jakutien) for example, could be at a future location of the generation of scandium.

In Tomtor below ground also lanthanum, Heaven, Neodymium, Yttrium und Nioboxid. However, experts point to diverse climatic and technical problems, the give it in Tomtor yet to be solved, before a promotion would economically. Not to be underestimated is the expenditure for reclamation of eligible areas, when supplies will one day be exhausted.

To 2020 to the joint venture from Rostec and IST projects with a total value of about 1 Billion. U.S. $ voice, so Manturow. If everything goes according to plan, could Rostec the demand for rare earth metals for its own holding company from 2017/18 up to 90% satisfy.

Cooperation with Kazakhstan in scandium

There are also plans for closer cooperation with Kazakhstan. Thus, the three companies Kazatomprom, Uranium One Holding N.V. (managed by Rosatom uranium assets outside Russia) and OOO Intermiks Met jointly pushed a project to promote Scandiumkonzentrat in Kazakhstan. The concentrate is from 2016 for processing by Lermontov (Gebiet Stawropol / Russland) in the Hydrometallurgical plant (GMZ) be brought.

GMZ the work is controlled by the Intermiks Met. The planned output is 6 jato Scandiumoxyd. Worldwide currently annually between 15 and 20 traded t Scandiumoxyd. Russia could from them 2016 about 30 to 40% cover.

Intermiks Met already implemented a project for the production of scandium with uranium-Holding of Rosatom, Atomredmetzoloto (ARMZ). The metal drops in a circle Dalmatowo in the Kurgan region, near the Russian-Kazakh border in the uranium mining at.

Tungsten is already exported

With the production of tungsten deal currently five mining companies in Russia. This can cover the domestic demand complete and already supply the world market. Between 4.000 and 5.000 t of tungsten concentrate are produced annually. The concentrate is processed in two treatment plants. With the introduction of a ten percent export tax in the year 2012 is exports of unprocessed tungsten concentrate contained and capacity utilization in the two treatment plants will be increased. The works have but still free operating capacity.


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